Despite all the gridlock in Washington, as well as an impeachment, the SECURE Act is poised for imminent passage and signing into law. It changes a number of important retirement plan rules. The act runs over 120 pages, so the experts will be poring over it for some time. Meanwhile, a number of sources have weighed in on what they think are the key provisions. (Note that last-minute alterations and more detailed analysis may lead to additional changes in the coming weeks.)
What Will The SECURE Act Allow?
The Society for Human Resource Management listed several changes as particularly noteworthy. The act will allow:
- An increase in the business tax credit to make setting up 401(k) plans more affordable for small businesses.
- Unrelated small employers to organize themselves for an “open” 401(k) multiple-employer plan (MEP). This would presumably reduce the costs and administrative work each company would otherwise bear alone.
- Delay of the 401(k) required distribution from the current age of 70 1/2 to 72. Critics have pointed out that only the well-off are really affected by this, people who can put substantial assets into a 401(k) and don’t need money from the fund immediately.
- Automatic enrollment of safe-harbor 401(k) plans to increase the cap on automatically raising payroll contributions.
- A 401(k) safe harbor for in-plan annuities. This provision has also faced criticism, as many industry experts do not believe annuities are a good value in these situations.
The Major Changes Caused by The SECURE Act
Kiplinger also put together a list of major changes, noting that the act:
- Removes the age restriction for IRAs. If you work into your 70s and beyond, you can still contribute.
- Makes it easier for part-time workers to join their employer’s 401(k) plan.
- Allows a parent to take out up to $5,000 penalty-free from a 401(k) plan for costs connected to a birth or adoption. Kiplinger noted that this may encourage younger workers to start funding retirement plans earlier, as parenthood is on the horizon much sooner than retirement.
- Eliminates the “stretch” provision. Until now, nonspouse IRA beneficiaries could stretch the required distribution of the IRAs over their own lifetimes. Going forward, with a few exceptions, beneficiaries will have to take full disbursement by the end of 10 years. This could mean a lot more of the inheritance going to the government.
Finally, the government will be repealing the controversial Cadillac tax on high-end health plans. This repeal is part of a year-end spending bill.
Applying The SECURE Act
All these changes will be phased in at different times. There are also exceptions and other subtleties. Whether you’re concerned about your own family’s issues or plans that your company runs, it’s best to keep in close touch with financial professionals to make sure you make a smooth transition to the new rules.
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